Q. my uncle was diagnosed with pulmonary fibrosis. can anyone help? A. Pulmonary Fibrosis involves scarring of the lung. Gradually, the air sacs of the lungs become replaced by fibrotic tissue. When the scar forms, the tissue becomes thicker causing an irreversible loss of the tissue’s ability to transfer oxygen into the bloodstream. Traditional theories have postulated that it might be an autoimmune disorder, or the after effects of an infection, viral in nature. There is a growing body of evidence which points to a genetic predisposition. A mutation in the SP-C protein has been found to exist in families with a history of Pulmonary Fibrosis. The most current thinking is that the fibrotic process is a reaction to microscopic injury to the lung. While the exact cause remains unknown, associations have been made with the following:*Inhaled environmental and occupational pollutants, *Cigarette smoking, *Diseases such as Scleroderma, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Lupus,*Therapeutic radiation. For full: http:/// Hope this helps.
Steroid treatment has gained notoriety due to its tendency to induce multiple side effects, including a variety of ocular side effects. Administration of local, regional, inhalation or systemic steroids may induce the development of ocular hypertension, which might even result in subsequent open angle glaucoma. About one in every three people is considered a potential "steroid responder". A significant elevation of intraocular pressure might result in these patients in response to steroid treatment. Included in this group are patients with first degree relatives suffering from open angle glaucoma. Morphologic changes in the trabecular meshwork (which serves as the site of aqueous humor drainage from the eye) are suggested as the proposed mechanism through which steroid treatment results in glaucoma. Steroids are said to induce the expression of a gene that is located on chromosome 1 and is known as TIGR or GLCIA. its product is a protein called myocilin. Ocular hypertension secondary to steroid treatment is usually reversible, when treatment is limited to a period of less than 12 months. The fear of ocular hypertension, which is usually unnoticed by the patient, obligates regular ophthalmologic follow-up examinations, including tonometry, visual fields and optic disc examinations.
Vitamin D, which we produce naturally from sun exposure, is essential to the healthy functioning of every organ in the body. Vitamin D deficiency has become an epidemic of modern indoor living, so a supplement is necessary. Look for naturally sourced (from lanolin or fish liver oil) Vita min D3 (cholecalciferol) , which is the type of Vitamin D made in skin in response to sunlight. It is more biologically active than Vitamin D2 ( ergocalciferol ). However, it is NOT vegetarian. Vegetarians should use Vitamin D2, which is derived from plant sources and will be labeled "vegetarian vitamin D." For the latest research on Vitamin D, go to .